Dual Training Schemes in Germany - Making a Successful Career Start
Oton: John McGrath – National Training and Employment Authority (Irland)
“We have been attracted to the German model because it integrates on-the-job training
and integrates the employer in the company systematicly into the training structure.”
Workplace - College
What does dual mean?
- Training takes place mainly in the workplace
- … and is accompanied by teaching at a vocational training school.
- Workplace and college each have their own requirements but coordinate their schemes
“The system here prepares people, it gives them a work ethic that a greater focus on just
an academic education does not provide.”
Learning in the Workplace
- 3-4 days a week
- on the basis of vocational regulations
- wtihin the terms of a trainee contract
Learning at College
- 1-2 day a week on average
- Based on a set curriculum
- teaching of technical and general abilities
Oton: Massimo Darchini – Italienische Botschaft
“Because it is fundamental, because if you see the German system lot of students when
they are ended up with their studies they have already the possibility to work because the
are already doing it while studying in the form of apprentices. That is very important - to
better link the labor market to university or high school system.”
Vocational Training Areas.... more than 300:
- Industry
- Trade
- Skilled trades
- Office/Administration
- Health
- Agriculture
Vocational Schemes Provide:
- Technical Skills
- Methodological Skills
- Social Skills
“We find that employers say this about people who are a... well qualified in terms of their
acadamic qualiification that it takes quite some time for them to be productive in the work
"Vocational training should impart the necessary professional abilities, knowledge and
skills (vocation skills) in a structured training scheme."
§ 1 Para. 3 BbiG (Vocational Training Law)
The Partners
Germany's Vocational Training Law, the BBiG, is the basis for cooperation for:
- the government
- federal states
- employees
- the unions
Oton: Paola Tambuscio – Ministerium für Arbeit und Soziales (Italien)
“We could see, how the services are organized in Germany, and how diverse agencies
coordinate with each other and also with governmental institutions of course.”
Advantages for Young People
- ...boosts their chances on the job market
- ...gives them a recognized qualification
-...offers practical experience
-...guarantees their pay
Advantages for Companies
- ...ensures sufficient specialist staff
- ...reduces the cost of training up new employees
- ...increases motivation and company loyalty
- ...increases the productivity of young employees
„What they avoid is the high cost of recruitment and perhaps most of all the high cost in
making an error on how they recruit. that is perhaps the biggest saving.“
About two-thirds of German school pupils choose to enter a vocational training scheme