Development Cooperation in Environment
Rapid economic growth in India has led to a surge in industrialisation, urbanisation and increased pressure on natural resources. Adding to the environmental load through increased pollution and accelerated resource degradation, this is posing a great challenge to human health and sustainable development. Indo-German development cooperation addresses the country’s concerns in terms of environment and climate change. It specifically focuses on the areas of natural resource management and urban environment protection, climate change adaptation and mitigation, and innovative green technologies.
Germany and India signed a Memorandum of Understanding for cooperating in the field of environmental protection as far back as September 1998. Since then, cooperation has also expanded to management of waste, water and renewable energies.
Umbrella Programme on Natural Resource Management
Enlarge image (© GIZ) The objective of the Umbrella Programme on Natural Resource Management is to demonstrate the viability of loan-based, community owned approaches to natural resource management. It aims to achieve this by weaving holistic, participatory and financially sustainable livelihood solutions into public policies and making investments towards improving the livelihoods of the rural poor.
Indo-German Environment Partnership (IGEP) Programme
Enlarge image (© GIZ) IGEP is a joint programme of the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). It focuses on urban and industrial environmental management in India. The programme is implemented in the states of Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat and Karnataka. IGEP aims that the decision makers at national, state and local level use innovative solutions for the improvement of urban and industrial environmental management and for the development of an environment and climate policy that targets inclusive economic growth decoupled from resource consumption.
Climate Change Adaptation in Rural Areas of India
Enlarge image (© GIZ) The Climate Change Adaptation in Rural Areas of India (CCA RAI) project aims to strengthen rural communities to live with climate variability and change. This project is being jointly implemented by the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) and GIZ in four states-- Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal, encompassing India's differing agro-climatic zones. The project is guided by India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change and works in different areas, pursuing a multi-level approach.
Climate Change Adaptation in the North Eastern Region
Enlarge image (© GIZ) Public and private service providers and communities in Sikkim, Meghalaya and Nagaland develop and implement strategies for adaptation to climate change and enhance their livelihood and adaptive capacities to the impacts of climate variability and change. The project focuses on the following areas: Implementation of the state action plans on climate change, climate proofing, knowledge management and capacity building initiatives.
Support to the National Urban Sanitation Policy
Enlarge image (© dpa) The Government of India has published a National Urban Sanitation Policy (NUSP) in October 2008, which aims at sustainable management of waste water and excreta in fully sanitized cities. This program component supports the Government of India in implementing the reforms described in the NUSP through capacity development at national- and state-level, through strengthening of city administrations and through knowledge management and awareness strengthening for safe and sustainable sanitation.
Enlarge image (© GIZ) The Indo-German Biodiversity Programme addresses the challenges of biodiversity conservation in two complementary areas: 1) Application of the economic value of biodiversity and ecosystem services for promoting sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity in decision making as well as in business; 2) Design and implementation of participatory approaches for conservation and management of biodiversity in coastal and marine protected areas.
Promotion of environmental-related urban development in Tamil Nadu
Enlarge image (© dpa - Report) TNUDF, the Tamil Nadu Urban Development Fund, is the pioneer project of KfW in the field of environmental-related urban development. Purpose of this innovative and very successful approach is to improve the level of investments in environmental-related urban infrastructure. Ultimate aim of this project is to improve the environment, the preservation of natural resources and the living conditions of the urban population in the state of Tamil Nadu.
Promotion of environmental-related urban development in the National Capital Region
Enlarge image (© picture alliance / Godong) The programme with NCRPB, the National Capital Region Planning Board, is a well illustrating project of KfW in the field of environmental-related urban development. The purpose of this successful approach is to improve the level of investments in environmental-related urban infrastructure. The ultimate aim of this project is to improve the environment, the preservation of natural resources and the living conditions of the urban population in the region of and around the national capital Delhi.
Indo-German Watershed Development Programmes (IGWDP)
Enlarge image (© picture alliance/chromorange) The impacts of climate change exacerbate the still significant poverty in the rural areas in India due to the massive deterioration of natural resources that they entail. The Indo-German Watershed Development Programme (IGWDP) now covers over 300,000 hectares of drylands through 300 projects spread across four states, with an investment of over 70 million euro. The experience provides evidence that the IGWDPs not only combat poverty, by improving soil conditions and agricultural productivitiy but also prepare communities to adapt to the impacts of climate change.