Development Cooperation in Energy
Energy is one of the three areas of Indo-German development cooperation that the two governments explicitly agreed on in 2008 – although it builds on a long tradition of cooperation.
Currently, almost half of India's population does not have access to electricity. India wants to increase its power generation by 60,000 MW to improve access. With economic growth, the demand for electricity is rising. Today, higher economic growth in India still means higher energy consumption. Development cooperation tries to decouple this link. At the same time, our common aim is to protect the climate by increasing energy efficiency and developing sources of renewable energy. Indo-German development cooperation is also active in energy sector reforms.
One of the most pressing needs in the Indian energy system is the extension of the electricity grids. This is particularly true with respect to the increase in renewable energy generation capacities. Comparable to Germany, grids need to be transformed and expanded to be able to cope with intermittent electricity feed-in from wind and solar power plants.
Solar Photovoltaic Plant Sakri
(© Colourbox) The Indian government has given a strong push to develop the solar energy sector in India when it launched the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM). In that spirit, the Maharashtra Power Generation Corporation Ltd. (Mahagenco) is currently implementing the construction of a 150 MW solar PV power plant at Shivajinagar, Sakri, in the Dhule district of Maharashtra. KfW supports this project in the form of concessional financing on behalf of the German government.
Promotion of a sustainable energy supply based on hydropower
Enlarge image (© dpa) The Indian and German governments have established a solid cooperation to promote a sustainable energy supply based on hydropower in India. In the framework of Indo-German Financial Cooperation, KfW is committed to play an important role in this cooperation to further develop the hydropower sector. The increased use of hydropower will lead to increased energy security in India and a reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
Promotion of renewable energies and energy efficiency through IREDA
(© BMU / Bernd Mueller) The Indian and German governments have established a solid cooperation to promote a sustainable energy supply based on hydropower in India. In the framework of Indo-German Financial Cooperation, KfW is committed to play an important role in this cooperation to further develop the hydropower sector. The increased use of hydropower will lead to increased energy security in India and a reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
Energy Efficient Housing (NHB) - Setting Standards as in Germany
Enlarge image (© picture alliance) India’s growing middle class is consuming more and more energy – at home. Currently, the estimated energy use in the residential sector is approximately a third of the total final energy consumption in India while there is also a significant potential for promoting a more efficient use of energy in the residential sector. So the promotion of more energy efficient residential buildings through labeling and associated mortgage refinance was initiated under Indo-German Financial Cooperation. The National Housing Bank and KfW cooperate closely to make the Indian building stock more energy efficient.
Green Energy Corridors
Enlarge image (© GIZ) Renewable energy sources are playing an increasingly important role in India. Currently 25 GW of renewable energy capacity are installed in India. Until 2017 India is planning to add about 41 GW of additional renewable energy capacity. The integration of these power plants in the transmission network is a critical prerequisite for ensuring an environmentally more sustainable energy supply in India. Therefore, India and Germany have decided to cooperate closely in this endeavour.
Indo-German Energy Programme (IGEN)
(© GTZ / Michael Netzhammer) The Indo-German Energy programme (IGEN) focuses on energy efficiency and on renewable energies, both contributing to CO2 emission reduction. On energy efficiency side, GIZ is supporting the implementation of India´s policies as spelled out in the Energy Conservation Act (2001) and the National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency (2010), thus contributing to CO2 emission reduction.