Science in Germany
Germany offers a diversity of research locations: universities, universities of applied sciences, non-university institutes, companies, and Federal as well as Länder (state) institutions. There are approximately 750 public-funded research institutions in Germany, apart from research and development centres run by industrial corporations. Here is an overview.
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)
In light of the increasing globalization, The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) practices the idea of qualitative growth firmly grounded in education and research. The ministry supports innovative projects and ideas in research through its targeted funding programs. Students and trainees have received grants and loans in accordance with the Federal Training Assistance Act (“BAföG”) for over 40 years.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
With an annual budget of over 2.5 Billion Euros, DFG is the largest independent research funding organisation in Germany. It promotes the advancement of science by funding research projects and facilitating cooperation among researchers. The website gives an overview on career options as well as research programs, especially for young scientists. In view of the increasing cooperation in the field of S&T, DFG opened its India Office in 2006, with a branch office in Hyderabad. So far over 330 Indian scientists have received support under the DFG-INSA programme.
The Max Planck Society is an independent, non- profit organization established in 1948. More than 15000 publications in international scientific journals are a proof of the outstanding research work that has been carried out in the 83 Max Planck Institutes. The current institutes carry out research in the areas of natural sciences, social sciences, life sciences and the humanities. India is a very important partner for the MPG. In 2016, more than 805 junior and guest scientists from India visited Max Planck institutes - a rise of more than 25% in the past six years. In terms of the international exchange of young scientists, this has made India one of the largest partner countries of the Max Planck Society. With 38 Partner Groups established since 2005 and 19 Partner Groups currently active, India is the leading country worldwide for the prestigious Max Planck Partner Group programme.
Max Planck Cooperation Programme with India
Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH)
The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation was established in 1953 to promote academic cooperation between scientists and scholars from abroad and from Germany. It accepts proposals of highly qualified scholars from across the world to spend extended time in Germany and also abroad to carry out research. It has a worldwide network of active scholars and scientists in over 140 countries. So far, 1727 Indians have received the prestigious Humboldt Fellowship and 22 have received research awards.
Fraunhofer Gesellschaft (FhG)
Fraunhofer is Europe’s largest application-oriented research organization. The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft conducts applied research in an international context to benefit private and public enterprise. The research activities promote the economic development of the industrial society, with particular regard for social welfare and environmental compatibility. At present, it maintains 80 research units all over Germany, with an annual budget of 1.8 billion Euros. In 2013 Fraunhofer opened its branch office in India, in Bangalore to strengthen its ties with the upcoming market in the science and technology field, India.
Leibniz Science Association
The Leibniz Association connects 89 independent research institutions which focus on the natural, engineering and environmental sciences via economics, spatial and social sciences to the humanities. With 18,500 workers including 9300 researchers, its budget sums up to around 1.7 Billion euros. Leibniz institutions form collaborative research networks to address current scientific and socially-relevant issues. In 2015, Leibniz institutions were involved in more than 4,500 international collaborations in 139 different countries.
Helmholtz Association of National Research Centres (HGF)
With more than 38,000 staff in 18 scientific-technical and biological-medical research centres and an approximate budget of more than 4 billion euros, the Helmholtz Association is Germany’s largest research organization. Its work is divided into six strategic research fields: Energy; Earth and Environment; Health; Key Technologies; Structure of Matter; and Aeronautics, Space and Transport. Innovation driven Initiative for the Development and Integration of Indian and European Research by the name INNO INDIGO has been launched in the year 2013.