Enlarge image In terms of scientific output across all subjects, Germany is India's second largest collaborator world wide (© picture alliance/Design pics )
Indo-German cooperation in science and technology is a defining pillar of our bilateral relationship. India and Germany maintain a highly dynamic academic exchange and a vast array of bilateral research projects to jointly develop the technologies of the future.
At the first intergovernmental consultations held between India and Germany in 2011, 9 out of 11 MoUs signed in the field of Science, Technology and Vocational Education. During the second consulations held in 2013, 10 out of 16 Agreements were from these fields. In October 2015, during the third Indo-German intergovernmental consultations 4 agreements were signed in the field of Science, Technology and Higher Education.
Today, German is the most popular foreign language among Indian students and graduates. In terms of scientific output across all subjects, Germany is India's second largest collaborator worldwide. For Indian scientists working abroad, Germany is among the top three destinations in the world.
Germany is the 2nd most productive partner in collaborative research with India in S&T research. India’s researchers have earned over 1,800 prestigious Humboldt-fellowships till date.
History of research cooperation
Today's highly dynamic science and technology cooperation between India and Germany is the result of decades of ever intensifying-ties in this field.
Cooperation in science, research and technology between India and Germany dates back to the 1960s. Indo-German science and technology cooperation is based on two inter-governmental agreements in 1971 and 1974, as well as numerous individual agreements between the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and various Indian ministers.
Subsequently, several special arrangements between German and Indian research organisations were signed to initiate and implement common research projects as well as the exchange of scientists.
Scientific and technological cooperation with India is categorized into three areas that complement each other:
- Student and scientist exchanges through the DAAD, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (AvH), the German Research Foundation (DFG), and other organizations.
- Joint research projects in the specialized programmes of the BMBF and the DFG, as well as projects within the context of the Indo-German Science and Technology Centre (IGSTC).
- Mobility projects run by the BMBF International Office and DAAD (Project based personnel exchange programmes) for the initiation and preparation of joint research projects: workshops, conferences, and reciprocal visits of the specialist delegations.
Two highlights of this long-standing cooperation between India and Germany are:
Indo-German Science and Technology Centre (IGSTC): The flagship of Indo-German cooperation in science and technology is the Indo-German Science and Technology Centre (IGSTC) in Gurgaon, near Delhi. India and Germany each contribute four million euros annually to the Centre, which serves as a model for Public Private Partnerships for scientific and industrial research. Since 2010, it funds bilateral research projects in the applied sciences. A particular focus is the active involvement of industry companies on both sides. During the third intergovernmental consultations IGSTC'S term was increased till 2022 with an increased funding.
German House for Research and Innovation (DWIH): The German House for Research and Innovation (DWIH) New Delhi, inaugurated on October 27, 2012, serves as a window to German science and research for interested students, researchers and potential partner institutions. The DWIH New Delhi is one of the five such centres across the globe that have been set up with an aim of intensifying international cooperations.